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2019年國際護士節主題公布

來源:中國護士網  作者:www.0017250.live  (查看評論)

每年5月12日,弗洛倫斯·南丁格爾誕辰紀念日,世界各地都會舉辦國際護士日。2019年ICN國際護士節的主題已公布:

NURSING:A voice to lead – health for all.

護士:引領之聲-人人享有健康。

護理,全球健康和提供全民健康覆蓋


n  我們的目標

根據實踐范圍,護士提供適當的、可獲得的和基于證據的護理。


要實現人人享有健康,就必須改變健康和福祉的方法。


護士的科學推理技能,數量和整體連續性的護理,讓護理成為患者照護的核心角色,因此,護士理應引領衛生服務決策和政策的制定與發展。


作為最值得信賴和最受尊敬的健康專業之一,護理在解決全世界面臨的多種健康挑戰方面發揮著關鍵作用。護士是衛生系統的發動機,需要滿足個人、社區和世界的健康需求。


ICN道德規范指出:“護理中的固有內容是對人權的尊重,包括文化權利、生命、選擇權、尊嚴和尊重。護理照顧是受尊重的,不受年齡,膚色,信仰,文化,殘疾或疾病,性別,性取向,國籍,政治,種族或社會地位的影響。護士為個人、家庭和社區提供健康服務,并與相關群體協調服務。護理的需求是普遍的。 “ (國際護士理事會,2012年)。


n  全民健康

全民健康覆蓋(UHC)的前身“人人享有健康”首先在阿拉木圖宣布初級衛生保健宣言中提出了適當的指導方針和行動。


“Alma-Ata”的核心是,只有通過健康科學,健全的經濟學和政策以及針對社會不公正的行動,才能改善健康狀況。


“人人享有健康意味著在特定國家,每個人都可以獲得健康!痹谶@種情況下,健康不僅意味著提供健康服務,還意味著一種完整的身心健康狀態,使人們能夠過上有社會和經濟生活的生活(Mahler,2016)。


n  資料包

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n  成為領導者的聲音

護士比任何其他健康專業人員都花費更多的時間與患者及其家人一起度過,并有影響患者健康和福祉的第一手資料。


每位護士都有一個故事,每個故事都有可能改善衛生系統,使個人和社區能夠達到他們可達到的最高健康標準。從這些見解中獲得變革的力量。


政策制定者與制定有效并以人為本的衛生系統的要求有一定距離; 他們是外圍的。對于護士來說,這就是日常生活的體驗。

 

享有可達到的最高健康標準的權利需要護理洞察力來挑戰系統如何運作以及如何改進。


國際護士會歡迎大家分享我們的故事,并給他們投稿!

部分原文如下:

Nursing, Global Health and Delivering Universal Health Coverage

Our Aim

According to their scope of practice, nurses provide appropriate, accessible and evidence-based care.

For Health for All to be achieved there must be a transformation in the approach to health and wellbeing.

With a core role as a patient advocate, their scientific reasoning skills, numbers and spectrum of care across the continuum, nurses are ideally placed to lead and inform health services decision making and policy development.

As one of the most trusted and respected health professions, nursing has a pivotal role to addressing the multiple health challenges that are being faced all over the world. Nurses are the engine room of the health system and are required to respond to the health needs of individuals, communities and the world.

The ICN Code of Ethics states that “Inherent in nursing is a respect for human rights, including cultural rights, the right to life and choice, to dignity and to be treated with respect. Nursing care is respectful of and unrestricted by considerations of age, colour, creed, culture, disability or illness, gender, sexual orientation, nationality, politics, race or social status. Nurses render health services to the individual, the family and the community and coordinate their services with those of related groups. The need for nursing is universal.” (International Council of Nurses, 2012).

Health for All

‘Health for All’, the precursor to Universal Health Coverage (UHC), was first articulated with appropriate guidelines and actions in the Alma Ata declaration on Primary Healthcare.

At its core, ‘Alma-Ata’ affirmed that improvements to health can only be obtained through the combination of health science, sound economics and policies, and actions against social injustices.

“Health for All means that health is brought into reach of everyone in a given country.” Health in this context means not just the availability of health services, but a complete state of physical and mental health that enables a person to lead a socially and economically productive life (Mahler, 2016)

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