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醫學英語——常用護理詞匯

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Nursing processes 護理過程

assessment 估計

nursing diagnosis 護理診斷

planning 計劃

intervention (implementation, management) 措施(實施、管理)

evaluation 評價Daily care of the patient 對病人的日常護理

morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)間護理

bedmaking 整理床鋪

oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔衛生

brushing the teeth 刷牙

flossing the teeth 清牙垢

denture care 清洗假牙

bathing 洗澡

cleanliness and skin care 清潔與皮膚護理

perineal care 洗會陰

hair 梳頭

shaving 刮臉

Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗腳

changing hospital gowns 更換住院服裝

massage 按摩

bedsore care 褥瘡護理Measurement of vital signs 測量生命體征

taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature

量口腔(直腸、腋下)體溫

taking a radial pulse 測量橈動脈脈搏

counting respirations 計呼吸次數

measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血壓Catheterization 導管插入術

cardiac catheterization 心導管插入術

laryngeal catheterization喉插管術

retro-urethral catheterization 逆行導尿管插入術

urethral catheterization 尿道導管插入術Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒滅菌

asepsis 無菌(法)

integral asepsis 完全無菌

disinfection 消毒

concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 隨時消毒,即時消毒

steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

terminal disinfection 終末消毒

disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外線消毒

Sterilization 滅菌,消毒

chemical sterilization 化學滅菌法

fractional sterilization 間歇滅菌法

intermittent sterilization 間歇滅菌法

mechanical sterilization 器械滅菌法Decompression 減壓(術)

oardiac decompression 心減壓術

cerebral decompression 腦減壓術

orbital decompression 眼眶減壓術

decompression of decompression 心包減壓術

gastro-intestinal decompression 胃腸減壓術

decompression of rectum 直腸減壓術

decompression of spinal cord 脊髓減壓術Dialysis透析

peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

hemodialysis 血液透析Drainage 引流、導液

aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引導液(引流)

closed drainage 關閉引流法

negative pressure drainage 負壓吸引法

open drainage 開放引流法

postural drainage 體位引流法

vaginal drainage 陰道引流法

vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌腸

barium enema鋇灌腸

blind enema肛管排氣法

contrast enema對比灌腸

glycerin enema甘油灌腸

high (low) enema 高(低)位灌腸

magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸鎂灌腸

retention (non-retention) enema 保留(無保留)灌腸

soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌腸

turpentine enema 松節油灌腸Feeding 飼,喂養

Forced (forcible) feeding 強制喂養

intubtaion (tube) feeding 管飼法

nasal feeding 鼻飼法

rectal feeding 直腸營養法Heat and clod applications 冷、熱敷

applying hot compresses 熱敷

applying hot soaks 濕熱敷

assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 幫病人坐浴

applying hot water bottles 用熱水瓶

applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋

applying cold compresses 冷敷

giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 輸入,注入

glucose infusion 葡萄糖液輸注

glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-鹽水輸注

saline infusion 鹽水輸注

Injection 注射

endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮內注射

hypertonic saline injection 高滲鹽水注射

hypodermic injection 皮下注射

intramuscular injection 肌內注射

intraocular injection 眼球注射

intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

intrauterine injection 子宮內注射

nasal injection 鼻內注射

peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

rectal injection 直腸注射

subconjunctival injection 結膜下注射

urethral injection 尿道注射

vaginal injection 陰道注射Irrigation 沖洗

vaginal irrigation 陰道沖洗

bladder irrigation 膀胱沖洗

continuous irrigation 連續沖洗法

mediate irrigation 間接沖洗法Isolation 隔離、分離

strict isolation 嚴密隔離

contact isolation 接觸隔離

respiratory isolation 呼吸隔離

drainage (secretion) precautions 引流預防措施

enteric precautions 腸道預防措施

blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(體液)預防措施

protective isolation 保護性隔離Lavage 灌洗

blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法

ether lavage (腹腔內)乙醚洗法

gastric lavage 洗胃

intestinal lavage 洗腸

peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 藥療,投藥,給藥

endermic medication 皮內透藥法

hypodermatic medication 皮下投藥法

intramuscular medication 肌肉投藥法

ionic medication 離子透藥療法

nasal medication 鼻內投藥法

oral medication 口服法

rectal medication 直腸投藥法

sublingual medication 舌下投藥法

transduodenal medication 十二指腸內投藥法

vaginal medication 陰道投藥法

Suctioning 吸氣引液

upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

wound suctioning 傷口吸引Transfusion 輸血

arterial transfusion 動脈輸血

blood transfusion 輸血

direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接輸血

drip transfusion 滴注輸(血)液

indirect transfusion 間接輸血

plasma transfusion 輸血漿

serum transfusion 輸血清

venous transfusion 靜脈輸血,靜脈輸液Diet nursing 伙食護理

absolute diet (fasting) 禁食

balanced diet 均衡伙食

convalescent diet 恢復期飲食

diabetic diet 糖尿病飲食

eucaloric diet 適當熱量飲食

fat-free diet 無脂飲食

salt-free diet 無鹽飲食

fever diet 熱病飲食

full diet 全食,普通飲食

half diet 半食

high caloric diet 高熱量飲食

high-carbohydrate diet 高糖類飲食

high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白飲食

invalid diet 病弱者飲食

light diet 易消化飲食

liquid diet 流質飲食

high fat diet 高脂飲食

low fat diet 低脂飲食

low caloric diet 低熱量飲食

low-protein diet 低蛋白飲食

low-residue diet 低渣飲食

nourishing diet 滋補飲食

obesity diet 肥胖病飲食

prenatal diet 孕期飲食

regimen diet 規定食譜

smooth (soft) diet 細軟飲食Preparing the patient for the surgery 為病人手術前做準備

shaving the patient‘s skin (skin prep) 備皮 醫.學教.育網搜.集整理

anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手術后護理

coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸練習

applying elastic stockings 穿彈性襪

applying elastic bandages 用彈性繃帶Emergency care (first aid) 急救護理

cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循環復蘇術

mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation

口對口(口對鼻,口對頸部小口)循環復蘇術

emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims

昏厥(休克、中風)患者急救

emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

嘔吐患者急救

emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癲癇發作急救

hospice care 臨終護理

postmortem care 死后護理
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