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醫學英文縮寫

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•aa.-of each[各]
•Ab.-antibody[抗體]
•abd.-abdomen[腹部]
•ABG-arterial blood gas[動脈血氣]
•abn.-abnormal[異常]
•ABp-arterial blood pressure[動脈壓]
•Abs.-absent[無]
•abstr.-abstract[摘要]
•a.c.-before meals[飯前]
•Ach.-actylcholine[乙酰膽堿]
•ACH.-adrenal cortical hormone[腎上腺皮質激素]
•ACT.-active coagulative time[活化凝血時間]
•ACTH.-adrenocorticotripic[促腎上腺皮質激素]
•ad.(add.)-adde[加]
•ad effect.-ad effectum [直到有效]
•ADH.-antidiuretic hormone[抗利尿激素]
•ad lib-at liesure[隨意]
•adm.(admin)-adminstration[給藥]
•ad us est.-for external use[外用]
•af.-atrial fibrillation[房顫]
•aF.-atrial flutter[房撲]
•A/G ratio.-albumin-globulin ratio[白-球蛋白比]
•AIDS.-acquired immune deficiency syndrome[愛滋病]
•al.-left ear[左耳]
•alb.-albumin[白蛋白]
•AM.-before noon[上午]
•amb.-ambulance[救護車]
•amp.(ampul)-ampoule[安瓿]
•ANA.-anesthesia[麻醉]
•anal.-analgesic[鎮痛藥]
•ap.-before dinner[飯前]
•appr.(approx.)-approximately [大約]
•AR.-aortic regurgitation[主閉]
•AS.-aortic stenosis[主狹]
•ASA.-aspirin[阿斯匹林]
•ASD.-atrial septal defect[房缺]
•AST.-aspartate transaminase[谷草轉氨酶]
•atm.(atmos.)-atomsphere[大氣壓]
•ATS.-antitetanic serum[抗破傷風血清]
•av.-average[平均]
•Ba.-Barium[鋇]
•BBT.-basal body temperature[基礎體溫]
•BCG.-bacille Calmette- Guerin[卡介苗]
•biblio.-biliography[參考文獻]
•bid.-twice a day[每日二次]
•b.m.-basal metabolism[基礎代謝]
•Bp.-blood pressure[血壓]
•bpm-baets per minute[次/分]
•BS.-blood sugar[血糖]
•BW.-body weight[體重]
•C.- centigrade[攝氏溫度計]
•CA.-carcinoma[癌]
•Cal.-cancer[癌]
•Cal. – calorie[卡]
•Cap. – capsule[囊]
•C.B.C-complete blood count[血常規]
•CC.-chief complaint[主訴]
•CC. list.-critical condition list[病危通知單]
•CCU.- Coronary care unit[冠心病監護室]
•CD.-caesarean delivered[剖腹產]
•CDC.-calculated date of confinement[預產期]
•CEA.-carcinoembryonic antigen[癌胚抗原]
•CG.-control group[對照組]
•CK.-creatine kinase[肌酸激酶]
•Cl.-centilitre[毫開]
•cm.-centimetre[毫米]醫學全在線www.med126.com
•CNS.-central nervous system[中樞神經系統]
•Co.-compound[復方]
•contra.-contraindicated[禁忌]
•CT.- computerized tomography[計算機斷層掃描]
•C.V-curriculum vitae[簡歷]
•DBp-diastolic blood pressure[舒張壓]
•DD.- differential diagnosis[鑒別診斷]
•dept.-department[科]
•diag.-diagonsis[診斷]
•DIC-disseminate intravascular coagulation[彌漫性血管內凝血]
•dl.-deciliter[分升]
•DM.-diabetic mellitus[糖尿病]
•DM.-diastolic murmur[舒張期雜音]
•D.O.A-dead on arrival[到達時已死亡]
•DOB.-date of birth[出生日期]
•Dr.-doctor[醫生]
•DIW.-dextrose in water[葡萄糖液]
•D-5-W,-5% dextrose in water[5%葡萄糖液]
•DU-duodenal ulcer[十二指腸潰瘍]
•ECG.(EKG.)- electrocardiograph[心電圖]
•ECHO .-echogram[超聲]
•EDD.(EDC)-expected date of delivery (confinement)[預產期]
•ENT. – ears, nose and throat[五官科]
•EMG. – electromyogram[肌電圖]
•ER. – emergency room[急診室]
•et al.-and elsewhere[等等]
•etc. – and so forth[等等]
•F.(Fahr.)-Fahrenheit [華氏]
•F- Female[女性]
•F.B.S.- fasting blood sugar[空腹血糖]
•FDP.-fibrinogen degradation products[纖維蛋白原降解產物]
•FFA. – free fatty acid[游離脂肪酸]
•FUO. – fever of unknown origin[不明原因發熱]
•FX. – fracture [骨折]
•GH. – growth hormone[生長素]
•GI.- gastrointestinal[消化]
•GITS. – gastrointestinal therapy system[胃腸治療系統]
•gtt. – drops[滴]
•GU.- gastric ulcer[胃潰瘍]
•Hb. – hemoglobin[血紅蛋白]
•HBp.-high blood pressure[高血壓]
•HCG. – human choroionic gonadotropic hormone[人絨毛膜促性腺激素]
•HDL.- high density lipoprotein[高密度脂蛋白]
•HR.-heart rate[心率]
•ht.-height[身高]
•HTN.-hypertension[高血壓]
•Hx.-history [病歷]
•Hypo.-hypodermic injection[皮下注射]
•IABP.-intra – aortic balloon pacing[主動脈內囊反搏]
•I/O.-intake and output [進出量]
•ICU. – intensive care unit[重癥監護病房]
•ie. – that is [即]
•Ig. – immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白]
•Im. – iutramuscular[肌內的]
•INH.- inhalation[吸入]
•INH.- isoniazid[異煙肼]
•Inj.- injection[注射]
•Int.- intern[實習生]
•IP.- in-patient[住院病入]
•Iu.- international unit[國防單位]
•IV.-intravenously[靜脈內]
•J.- joule[焦耳]


•K.U.B- Kidney,ureter and bladder[腎、輸尿管和膀胱]
•LBp.-low blood pressure [低血壓]
•LC. – laparoscopic cholecystectomy[腹腔鏡膽囊切除術]
•LDL.-Low density lipoprotein[低密度脂蛋白]
•Liq. – liquid[液體]
•LMP.- last menstrual period[未次月經]
•LP. –lumbar puncture[腰穿]
•M. –male[男性]
•MCD.-mean corpuscular diameter[平均紅細胞直徑]
•MCH.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin[平均紅細胞血紅蛋白量]
•MCHC.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration[平均紅細胞血紅蛋白濃度]
•MCV.-mean corpuscular volume[平均紅細胞體積]
•MI.-myocardial infarction[心梗]
•min.-minute[分]
•mixt。 –mixture[合劑]
•mmHg.- millimeters of mercury[毫米汞柱]
•MRI.- magnetic resonance image[核磁共振]
•MS.- mitral stenosis[二尖瓣狹窄]
•N/V.-nausea and vomiting[惡心嘔吐]
•N.B – note bene [注意]
•NE.- norepinephrine [去甲腎上腺炎]
•neg.- negative[陰性的]
•NIDDM.- non-insulin-dependent diabetis mellitus[II型糖尿病]
•norm.- normal[正常的]
•NPN.-non-protein nitrogen[非蛋白氮]
•NPO.- non-peros[禁食]
•NS. –normal saline[生理鹽水]
•OB.- obstetrics [產科學]
•OGTT.- oral glucose tolerance test[口服糖耐量試驗]
•OP.- out-patient[門診病人]
•OPC.- out-patient clinic[門診]
•OR.- operating room[手術室]
•OT. – old tuberculin[舊結核菌素]
•P-pulse[脈搏]醫學全在線www.med126.com
•P.C.- post cibum [飯后]
•PE. (Px.)- physical examination[體檢]
•PG. – prostaglandin[前列腺素]
•PH. – past history [過去史]
•PHI. – present history illness[現病史]
•PM.- post meridiem[下午]
•Post-op.- postoperation[術后]
•pre-op.- preoperation[術前]
•priv. – private[私人的]
•prn.-pro re nata[必要時]
•prog.- prognosis[預后]
•P.S. – postscript[附言]
•Psy.- psychiatry[精神病學]
•psychol. – psychology[心理學]
•PT. – physical therapy[物理療法]
•PT.- prothrombin time[凝血酶原時間]
•qd.- quaque die [每日一次]
•qid.-quater in die [每日四次]
•qn.-quaque nocte[每晚]
•RBC.-red blood count[紅細胞計數]
•ref.-reference[參考文獻]
•RHD.-Rheumatic heart disease[風心病]
•RI.-regular insulin[正規胰島素]
•rout.-routin[常規]
•RT.-radiotherapy[放射治療]
•SBE –subacute bacterial endocarditis[亞急性細菌性心內膜炎]
•Seq.-sequela[后遺癥]
•sex.-sexual[性別的]
•sig.-signa[標明用法]
•SK.-streptokinase[鏈激酶]
•SLE.-sgstemic lupus erythematosus[系統性紅斑狼瘡]
•SM.-systolic murmur[收縮期雜音]
•SR.-sinus rhythm[竇性節律]
•SSS.-sick sinus syndrome[病竇綜合征]
•ST.- skin test[皮試]
•stat.- at once[立即]
•Sx.- symptom or sign[癥狀或體征]
•Syr.- syrup[糖漿]
•Tab.- stablet[片劑]
•TAT.- toxin-antitoxin[毒素抗毒素]
•TB.-tuberculosis[結核]
•tid.- three times daily[每日三次]
•TSH.- thyroid-stimulating hormone[促甲狀腺激素]
•us.- ultrasound[超聲]
•VIP.- very important person[貴賓]
•Vit.- vitamine[維生素]
•VSD.- ventricular septal defect[室缺]
•VMA.- hydroxymandelic acid[香草杏仁酸]
•WBC.- white blood cell[白細胞]
•Wt.- weight[體重]
•Y/O.- years old [歲]

20、What kind of medicine is this?
  這是一種什么藥呢?

21、I hate injections, Can I take the medicine orally?
  我不喜歡打針,能吃些口服藥嗎?

22、Can it be cured?
  能治好么?

23、Will it get worse?
  能變壞嗎?

24、What could it be?
  可能是什么病呢?

25、What do you think?
  你認為怎樣?

26、Can anything be done for pain?
  對于這種疼痛,有沒有辦法呢?

27、Whateverr you say.
  聽從你的意見。

28、Since two or three weeks.
  大約兩三周前。

29、About when?
  大約在什么時間了?

30、Is it contagious?
  這病傳染嗎?

31、I feel dizzy(feverish, shivery, sleepy, like vomiting, nauseous itching, weak, irritated).
  我感到頭暈(發燒,發冷,發困,想吐,惡心,癢,虛弱,急躁)。

32、I have pils(a bad cough, a dry cough, a sore stomach a pain in the small of my back).
  我有痔瘡(劇烈的咳嗽,干咳,胃痛,腰背部痛)。

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